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During the Ottoman Empire, a key goal of education was to raise 'good Muslims'. Therefore there was a need for Islamic scholars, which was sustained through Islamic Theology Schools, called Madrasa.In 1913, the Medresetü-l Eimmeti vel Hutaba (School of ministers and preachers Medresetü-l Vaazin were integrated to form the tangible origins these days's Imam Hatip high schools
In 1924, the Tevhid-i Tedrisat (Law of Unification of Educational Direction was passed, changing the existing, mostly sectarian instructional system with a nonreligious, centralist and nationalist education one. The brand-new law brought all academic organizations under the control of the Ministry of National Education. A Professors of Theology at the Darülfünun (Istanbul University), special schools for training imams and hatips (ministers and preachers) were opened by the new Ministry of National Education. Nevertheless, in 1930 İmam Hatip schools were closed and 1933 the Professors of Divinity was eliminated.
In contrast to the exclusively secularist nature of the education policy of the Republican People's Party (CHP) religious education was renewed in 1948. This included the facility of a Faculty of Theology at the University of Ankara in 1949. Initial steps for the facility of Imam Hatip schools began in 1951 under the Democrat Celebration government, which set up 7 unique secondary schools (Imam Hatip Okulları). In addition, in 1959 Islamic Institutes were opened for graduates of Imam Hatip schools.
Following the coup d'etat in 1960, Imam Hatip schools experienced the danger of closure. Following the return to civilian politics and the introduction of the new constitution in 1961, graduates of Imam Hatip schools could only register in university programs if they had actually passed courses provided at nonreligious schools. Throughout the premiership of Süleyman Demirel however, graduates of Imam Hatip schools were provided access to university without such requirements. The 1971 Turkish coup d'état introduced 2 essential reforms: first of all junior high Imam Hatip schools were abolished, and in 1973 Imam Hatip schools were relabelled as Imam Hatip high schools. Under the subsequent National Education Basic Law, Imam Hatip schools were specified as vocational schools, where trainees were to be trained as preachers and ministers or prepared for college.
Imam Hatip schools grew gradually at first, however their numbers expanded rapidly to 334 during the 1970s. The union federal government of 1974, established by the CHP and the MSP (National Redemption Party), committed to resume junior high schools and offering the right of entry to university through evaluation. 230 new Imam Hatip high schools were opened in a duration of almost four years. Throughout the 1974-75 school year the variety of trainees participating in to the Imam Hatip high schools grew to 48,895. This number subsequently grew to 200,300 by 1980-81. In addition, females acquired the right of entry to Imam Hatip high schools in 1976. The expansion of Imam Hatip high schools is frequently pointed out as the impact of the National Redemption Party's subscription of a variety of unions with Nationalist Front governments.
Circumstance given that 1980
The coup d'etat of September 12, 1980 is a crucial turning point in the history of Turkey and also for the history of İmam-Hatip high schools. Under military governance, graduates of Imam Hatip high schools got the right of entry to all university departments. In 1985, two brand-new Imam Hatip high schools opened, one in Tunceli, despite of the so-called ethnic structure of the area, and the other in Beykoz as an Anatolian Imam Hatip High School, with the goal of adding to the education of kids of families who work abroad. Although the number of Imam Hatip high schools had not increased considering that, the variety of trainees participating in Imam Hatip high schools has actually increased by 45%. This is partially due to the enhancement in the quality of Imam Hatip high schools and the education used at such schools.
During the education year of 1973-74, the overall variety of Imam Hatip trainees was 34,570; in 1997 this number had sharply increased to reach 511,502. Together with this massive increase in popularity, the number of schools also increased. The variety of Imam Hatip junior high reached 601 and secondary schools 402. The boost in both trainee and school numbers can be attributed to elements including the dedication of individuals to religious beliefs, dorm facilities, scholarships, https://www.imamhatipavm.com/ the admittance of women and a boost in need for religious education.
Research study suggests that in between the years of 1993 and 2000, potential students registered at Imam Hatip high schools mostly to receive religious tutoring along with a more basic education.In addition, research reveals enrolment at Imam Hatip high schools was based entirely on the trainee's choice. The third suggested element in the rise in popularity of Imam Hatip schools is the admission of female trainees in 1976. By 1998, almost 100,000 women went to Imam Hatip high schools, comprising practically half of all trainees. This fact is especially revealing due to the fact that ladies are not qualified to become either priests or ministers.
Nevertheless, the intro of eight years of required education in 1997 has seen an abrupt decline in the popularity of Imam Hatip schools. In 1999, the reclassification of Imam Hatip schools as "vocational schools" suggested that, although more options had been offered to graduates, achieving locations at prominent university courses became more difficult.By requiring that all eight required years of schooling be spent under the exact same primary-school roofing, middle schools were abolished. Children could not go into occupation schools (one of them the Imam Hatip school) until the ninth grade (rather than the sixth, as before).